Arthurian_legend names


Alain - French form of Celtic Alan, meaning "little rock." 
Angharat - Variant spelling of Welsh Angharad, meaning "undisgraced, free of shame."
Angharawd - Variant spelling of Welsh Angharad, meaning "undisgraced, free of shame." This name appears in the family of Le Strange in 1344.
Apollo - Latin form of Greek Apollon, probably meaning "destroyer." In Greek mythology, this is the name of a god of archery, healing, light, poetry, prophecy, music, and the sun. He is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis, goddess of the hunt and moon. 
Arawn - Welsh myth name of the Lord of Annwn ("un-world; under-world"), possibly meaning "unrestrained wildness."
Artúr - Hungarian form of Celtic Arthur, possibly meaning "bear-man." 
Avalon - Arthurian legend name of an island somewhere in the British Isles, where the body of King Arthur is said to be buried, having been brought there by his half-sister Morgan le Fay, and where he is supposed to one day return. The name means "island of apples," from Celtic abal (cf. Welsh afal, Breton and Cornish aval "apple").
Beaumains - In Arthurian legend, this is a name given to Gareth by Sir Kay, meaning "beautiful Hands." 
Blaise - French form of Roman Latin Blasius, meaning "talks with a lisp." 
Blancheflor - Old French and Middle English form of French Blancheflour, meaning"white flower."
Branwen - Welsh Arthurian legend name of the daughter of Llŷr in the Mabinogion, composed of the elements bran "raven" and gwen "fair, white," hence "fair raven." 
Briefbras - French form of Welsh freichfras ("strong-armed"), but meaning "short arm." In Arthurian legend, this is a nickname for Sir Caradoc.
Bronwen - Variant spelling of Welsh Brongwyn, meaning "fair-breasted." 
Bruce - Scottish surname transferred to forename use, possibly meaning "woods; thicket." It was originally a Norman French baronial name but the exact location from which it was derived has not been identified and the number of possibilities are numerous. In use by the English.
Claudas - In Arthurian legend, this is the name of the king of Terre Deserte,or the Land Laid Waste (by Uther Pendragon), meaning "lame." He conquered the lands of Ban and Bors who then helped Arthur in his rebellion against the kings of Britain. 
Condwiramur - Cornish form of French Blanchefleur, meaning "white flower." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of a guardian of the Grail and wife of Percival.
Condwiramurs -  Variant spelling of Cornish Condwiramur, meaning "white flower." 
Constantine -   Anglicized form of Irish Gaelic Conn, having several possible meanings including "chief, freeman, head, hound, intelligence, strength." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of the successor to King Arthur. He was the son of Cador of Cornwall who fought in the Battle of Camlann and was one of the few survivors. Just before Arthur was taken to Avalon, Cador passed the crown onto his son, Constantine.
Danbrann - Welsh Arthurian legend name of the sister of Percival, sometimes known as the "Grail heroine." She is a major character in many of the Holy Grail stories.
Dindrane - Variant spelling of English Dandrane, the Arthurian legend name of the sister of Percival, sometimes known as the "Grail heroine." She is a major character in many of the Holy Grail stories. 
Eigyr - Welsh Arthurian legend name of the wife of Uther Pendragon and mother of King Arthur, derived from the Welsh word eigyr, meaning "maiden, virgin." 
Elizabeth - Anglicized form of Greek Elisabet, meaning "God is my oath." 
Elsa -  Pet form of German Elsabeth, meaning "God is my oath."
Emrys - Welsh form of Latin Ambrosius, meaning "immortal."
Enide - French form of Welsh Enid, meaning "soul."
Erec - French form of German Erich, meaning "ever-ruler."
Esclados - French Arthurian legend name of the first husband of Laudine, from Norman French escalogne, from Latin escalonia, meaning "from Ascalon," a seaport in southwestern Levant.
Esyllt - Welsh form of French Iseult, probably from German Ishild, meaning "ice battle." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of the tragic princess who was the mistress of Tristram.
Florence - English and French feminine form of Latin Florentius, meaning "blossoming." Compare with masculine Florence.
Gaheris - Latinized form of French Gahariet, meaning "old." 
Galahad - English Arthurian legend name of a Knight of the Round Table, known as "the Knight Valiant." He was the illegitimate son of Lancelot and Elaine of Carbonek, renowned for his gallantry and purity, as well as being one of the three achievers of the Holy Grail. The name was invented by the author of La Queste del Saint Graal and was probably derived from Gilead, the Anglicized form of Hebrew Gilad, meaning "hard, stony region."
Galehot - Perhaps the French equivalent of English Galahad, a form of Hebrew Gilad, meaning "hard, stony region." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of a Knight of the Round Table who was called "Lord of the Remote Islands."
Gauvain - Norman French form of Middle English Gawain, meaning either "May hawk" or "white hawk."
Geraint - Welsh name of Latin origin, meaning "old." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of a valiant Knight and king ofDumnonia where King Arthur is said to have been a member of the Royal house. He was the sonof Erbin, and brother to Ermind and Dywel. He was called one of the "ThreeSeafarers of the Isle of Britain" in the Welsh Triads. He is mostfamous as the lover of Enid in Geraint and Enid.
Guy - Variant form of Norman French Gy, a derivative of Latin Wido, meaning "wide." This name was popular until 1605 when Guy Fawkes tried to blow up Parliament after which it acquired the negative connotation "grotesque man." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of a son of Bevis of Hamptoun. In use by the English.
Gwenhwyvach - Welsh name, possibly meaning "Gwengwy the less." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of the sister of Guinevere (Gwenhwyvar). She may have been wife to Mordred.
Gwenhwyvar - Original Welsh form of French Guinevere, possibly composed of the elements gwen "fair, holy, white" and hwyfar "smooth, soft," hence "white and smooth."
Gwyn - Welsh unisex name meaning "fair, holy, white." In mythology this is a masculine name. In Welsh mythology, it is the name of the ruler of the underworld (Annwn) where he escorted the souls of the dead. In Arthurian legend, Gwyn ap Nudd ("fair/white son of Nudd") was the abductor of themaiden Creiddylad after her elopement with Gwythr ap Greidawl, a long-time rivalof his. He helped Culhwch hunt the boar Twrch Trwyth, and in later legends hewas king of the "fair folk" (tylwyth teg).
Hector -   Anglicized form of Scottish Gaelic Eachann, meaning "brown horse."
Hengist - Old English name meaning "stallion." In English legend, this is the name of the brother of Horsa, and ruler of Kent. In Arthurian legend, he was killed by Uther Pendragon. 
Hoel - Variant form of Welsh Hywel, meaning "eminent, conspicuous." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of a king of Brittany. 
Horsa - Old English name meaning "horse." In English legend, this is the name of a warrior and brother of Hengist.
Howel - Variant spelling of English Howell, meaning "eminent, conspicuous."
Huarwar - Welsh Arthurian legend name meaning "the hungry." In Culhwch and Olwen, this is the name of a son of Halwn who was called one of the three plagues of Cornwall. 
Hywel - Old Welsh byname transferred to forename use, meaning "eminent, conspicuous."
Igerne - French form of Latin Igerna, meaning "maiden, virgin." 
Isabella - Latin form of Greek Elisabet, meaning "God is my oath." 
Iseult - Medieval French form of English Isolde, meaning "ice battle." In Arthurian legend, this is the name a tragic princess who was the mistress of Tristram.
Ishild - Old German name composed of the elements is "ice" and hild "battle, strife," hence "ice battle." This is the name from which the English Arthurian legend name Isolde (French Iseult) was derived.
Isolde - English form of French Iseult, derived from Germanic Ishild, meaning "ice battle." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of the tragic princess who was the mistress of Tristram.
Kay - Short form of names beginning with the letter "K."
Launcelot - Variant spelling of Norman French Lancelot, meaning either "little land" or "little lance."
Linette - Variant spelling of English Lynette, meaning "little lake."
Lionel - Anglo-Norman diminutive form of French Léon ("lion"), hence "little lion" or "young lion." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of a Knight of the Round Table. He was the younger son of King Bors, and cousin to Lancelot and Hector de Maris. When King Bors died in battle, Lionel and Bors were rescued by the Lady of the Lake and raised by her, along with Lancelot, in her underwater kingdom.
Llŷr - Welsh name meaning "the sea." In mythology, this is the name of a god of the sea. Identified with Irish Lir.
Lot - Greek form of Hebrew Lowt, meaning "covering, veil." In the bible, this is the name of a nephew of Abraham and father of Moab.
Lùcas - Scottish Gaelic form of Latin Lucas, meaning "from Lucania." 
Lucius - Old Roman name derived from Latin lux (gen. lucis), meaning "light." In Arthurian legend, Lucius Tiberius was the name of a Roman Emperor who demanded that Arthur pay him tribute and recognize him as his sovereign. When Arthur refused, a battle ensued. Arthur defeated Lucius.
Lunete - French form of Welsh Luned, meaning "idol, image."
Lynette - English diminutive form of Welsh Lyn ("lake"), meaning "little lake." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of the sister of Lyonesse. 
Maris - English religious name derived from the last element of a title of the Virgin Mary, stella maris, "star of the sea," hence "of the sea." Compare with masculine Maris.
Márk - Hungarian form of Greek Markos, meaning "defense" or "of the sea."
Matilda -   English form of Latin Mathilda, meaning "mighty in battle." 
Merlín - Spanish form of Latin Merlinus, meaning "sea fort."
Modron - Welsh Arthurian legend name of the daughter of Avallach, mother of Mabon, and probably the prototype of Morgan le Fay, meaning "divine mother."
Mordred - Old English Arthurian legend name of a Knight of the Round Table who was the illegitimate son and traitor of King Arthur, possibly meaning "sea counsel." He was brother (or half-brother) to Agravain, Gaheris, Gareth, and Gawain, and noted for having crowned himselfand married Guinevere while Arthur was waging war on Emperor Lucius of Rome. Hewas killed by Arthur at the Battle of Camlann. 
Nimue - Welsh name, possibly related to Greek Mnêmê, meaning "memory." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of the sorceress, known as the Lady of the Lake, who stole the infant Lancelot. 
Olwen - Welsh Arthurian legend name of the heroine of Culhwch and Olwen, composed of the elements ol "footprint, track," and (g)wen "fair, holy, white," hence "footprint/track of the holy one." Olwen was the daughter of the fierce giant Ysbaddaden who was fated to die if she ever married. She was a magical girl who caused flowers to spring up wherever she went. When Culhwch (a cousin of King Arthur) came to seek her hand, Ysbaddaden required that he complete a series of nearly impossibly tasks before he would grant permission for them to marry.
Parzival - German form of French Percevel, meaning "pierced valley."
Peredur - Old Celtic Arthurian legend name of unknown meaning. It is the name on which the drastically altered French Percevel may have been based. 
Rivalen - In Arthurian legend, this is another name for Meliadus, the father of Tristan and husband to Blanchefleur. He was known as "lord of the isles."
Spumador - Arthurian legend name of a horse belonging to King Arthur, meaning "the foaming one." 
Tristán - Spanish form of French Tristan, probably meaning "riot, tumult."
Tristram - Variant form of French Tristan, probably meaning "riot, tumult."
Uther - In Arthurian legend, Uther Pendragon ("Uther, chief dragon") was the youngest son of King Constantine and father of King Arthur. The name may be a variant form of Arthur, possibly meaning "bear-man."
Viviana - Feminine form of Roman Latin Vivianus, meaning"alive; animated; lively."
Vivien - Variant spelling of English Vivian, meaning"alive; animated; lively." Compare with masculine Vivien.
Ygraine - Variant spelling of French Igraine, meaning "maiden, virgin." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of the wife of Uther Pendragon.
Yvain - French form of Old Breton Even and Middle English Ywain, meaning "well born." In Arthurian legend, this is the name of a Knight of the Round Table, also known by the Welsh name Owain.

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